The UN System in Montenegro is guided by the UN Country Team, composed of resident UN agencies and supported by regionally based UN organisations. Together these entities form the participating UN organisations of the Integrated UN programme.
Members of the UNCT in Montenegro
UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) serves to provide protection, assistance and durable solutions to refugees and other persons of concern. In Montenegro, UNHCR leads and coordinates international efforts to protect refugees and displaced persons. UNHCR supports the Government of Montenegro in achieving international standards in the area of asylum, in its efforts to locally integrate refugees and displaced persons and in facilitating safe and sustainable returns. UNHCR also works on the avoidance and eradication of the statelessness phenomenon in Montenegro and in the region.
UNICEF (The United Nations Children's Fund) supports the Government of Montenegro in achieving UN and EU standards in social policy reform for children and in the harmonization of child related national legislation with UN and EU standards. In cooperation with state institutions and civil society organizations, UNICEF also works in the implementation of the activities related to comprehensive child protection system reform in the area of Juvenile Justice system, in combating and preventing HIV/AIDS, in Early Child Development, in the implementation of Child Centered Education with inclusion of Roma and other excluded children, inclusion and mainstreaming of children with disabilities, de-institutionalisation and addressing violence in families and schools.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), in line with Montenegro's constitutional commitment to become an Ecological State and its commitment to EU integration, is currently working on social inclusion, environmentally sensitive economic development and strengthening democratic governance.
IOM (International Organization for Migration) works to eliminate human trafficking and assists in the voluntary return of stranded migrants. IOM also participates in the Tempor ary Residence Permits Program (TRP) , assists in the regional return and reintegration of victims of human trafficking and participates in the Czech Pilot Project: Active Selection of Qualified Foreign Workers.
WHO (World Health Organization) is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. In Montenegro, it supports the Government through planned work in priority areas as selected by the Ministry of Health and WHO. ***Any updated data on this?***For 2008-9 these priority areas are: the strengthening of health systems, communicable diseases, non- communicable diseases and Environmental Health. WHO’s activities focus on policy and strategy development within the government together with capacity development and technical assistance within the health system and institutions to improve delivery of services.
Regionally-based agencies which are also participating UN organisations in the Integrated UN Programme:
UNESCO (UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) contributes to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture. In turn this furthers universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter.
UN WOMEN (United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women) In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. UN Women merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system, one of which is the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). Grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the UN Charter, UN Women, among other issues, works for: the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; empowerment of women; and achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) provides policy advice and income generating activities in Montenegro. Specifically, through a project funded by Luxembourg, FAO helps develop livestock production and marketing through provision of technical support, information and training, so that farmers in the poorer isolated northern regions of Montenegro can improve their household incomes. An FAO funded project is geared towards supporting small-scale growers in organic agriculture in order to extend their income generating opportunities while aiding environmental preservation. A regional project that includes Montenegro is also implemented from 2010-2012 that addresses the improvement of aquaculture through targeting the seafood sector. Within a UN Joint Project agribusiness development is further facilitated.
UNEP (UN Environment Programme) is providing leadership and encouraging partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) is engaged, under the UNDAF, in three specific areas: development of business clusters at the North, clean production and Montreal Protocol. The activities in Montenegro are coordinated by the UNIDO Regional Programme for Europe and NIS based in Vienna, Austria.
UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) provides technical cooperation assistance in Montenegro and focuses on supporting energy efficient market formation, as well as raising residential energy efficiency under the Government's programme of formalizing informal settlements. It also contributes to increasing wood energy production as an environmentally friendly source of energy. UNECE assists in the strengthening of Montenegro’s capacity for environmental monitoring and reporting. Furthermore, it contributes to the development of sustainable water resource management of the Drin Basin. Finally, UNECE works in the areas of road safety, public-private partnerships and trade facilitation, to facilitate Montenegro’s successful integration in the EU region and the Southeast European sub-region.
*WB (World Bank) is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. WB is not an integral part of the Integrated UN Programme. However, on-going collaboration exists in areas of capacity development, education, economic governance and environment. It is not a bank in the common sense. It is made up of two unique development institutions owned by 185 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA).