UNIDO was the first UN organization to which Montenegro applied for membership after it has gained its independence and that fact constitutes for UNIDO a strong obligation to respond to national needs and industrial development priorities. UNIDO is a non-resident UN Agency in Montenegro. The activities in Montenegro are coordinated by the UNIDO Regional Programme for Europe and NIS based in Vienna, Austria. Since 2007, UNIDO has supported Montenegro with 14 technical cooperation projects of total value about 3.1 million US$. Prior 2007, support was provided under the technical cooperation projects implemented in the former Yugoslavia.
UNIDO has supported Montenegro in the following areas:
1. Montreal Protocol: UNIDO is one of the four implementing agencies of the Montreal Protocol. The Organization has assisted the country to comply with its obligations to the Montreal Protocol through 7 technical cooperation projects focusing on promoting innovative technologies and training programmes.
2. Energy Development Strategy: UNIDO helped the country in the preparation of a National Energy Development Strategy (NEDS) and Action Plan. The Strategy supports informed decision-making at the Government level on energy demand and supply, and enhanced rational use of renewable sources of energy in the country and the region.
3. Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP): One of the well known UNIDO programmes promoted in more than 40 countries, aims at building national capacity to deal effectively with resource efficiency (raw materials, water, energy) at the enterprise level in different manufacturing sectors, promoting clean technologies through demonstrating possible technical solutions and contributing to the concept of “green” industry.
4. Cluster and Business Linkages (CBL): The UNIDO component of a joint UN programme aims to boost the development of a competitive private sector and contribute to poverty reduction by building sustainable linkages between small-size enterprises and enhance enterprise competitiveness through the realization of economies of scale and capacity for collective reaction. Linkages also pave the way for broad-based and inclusive development.
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Its mandate is to promote and accelerate sustainable industrial development in developing countries and economies in transition, and work towards improving living conditions in the world's poorest countries by drawing on its combined global resources and expertise.
As a technical cooperation agency, UNIDO designs and implements programmes focused on three thematic priorities:
Poverty reduction through productive activities
The Organization provides a comprehensive range of services customized for developing countries and transition economies, ranging from industrial policy advice to entrepreneurship and SME development, and from technology diffusion to sustainable production and the provision of rural energy for productive uses.
UNIDO is one of the largest providers of trade-related development services, offering customer-focused advice and integrated technical assistance in the areas of competitiveness, trade policies, industrial modernization and upgrading, compliance with trade standards, testing methods and metrology.
Environment and Energy
As a leading provider of services for improved industrial energy efficiency and sustainability, UNIDO assists developing countries and transition economies in implementing multilateral environmental agreements and in simultaneously reaching their economic and environmental goals.