United Nations System in Montenegro
Members of the UNCT in Montenegro
The UN System in Montenegro is guided by the UN Country Team, composed of resident UN agencies and supported by regionally based UN organisations. Together these entities form the participating UN organisations of the Integrated UN programme.
UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) serves to provide protection, assistance and durable solutions to refugees and other persons of concern. In Montenegro, UNHCR leads and coordinates international efforts to protect refugees and displaced persons. UNHCR supports the Government of Montenegro in achieving international standards in the area of asylum, in its efforts to locally integrate refugees and displaced persons and in facilitating safe and sustainable returns. UNHCR also works on the avoidance and eradication of the statelessness phenomenon in Montenegro and in the region.
UNICEF (The United Nations Children's Fund) supports the Government of Montenegro in achieving UN and EU standards in social policy reform for children and in the harmonization of child related national legislation with UN and EU standards. In cooperation with state institutions and civil society organizations, UNICEF also works in the implementation of the activities related to comprehensive child protection system reform in the area of Juvenile Justice system, in combating and preventing HIV/AIDS, in Early Child Development, in the implementation of Child Centered Education with inclusion of Roma and other excluded children, inclusion and mainstreaming of children with disabilities, de-institutionalisation and addressing violence in families and schools.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), in line with Montenegro's constitutional commitment to become an Ecological State and its commitment to EU integration, is currently working on social inclusion, environmentally sensitive economic development and strengthening democratic governance.
IOM (International Organization for Migration) works to eliminate human trafficking and assists in the voluntary return of stranded migrants. IOM also participates in the Tempor ary Residence Permits Program (TRP) , assists in the regional return and reintegration of victims of human trafficking and participates in the Czech Pilot Project: Active Selection of Qualified Foreign Workers.
WHO (World Health Organization) is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. In Montenegro, it supports the Government through planned work in priority areas as selected by the Ministry of Health and WHO. For 2008-9 these priority areas are: the strengthening of health systems, communicable diseases, non- communicable diseases and Environmental Health. WHO’s activities focus on policy and strategy development within the government together with capacity development and technical assistance within the health system and institutions to improve delivery of services.
Regionally-based UN organisations
which are also participating UN organisations in the Integrated UN Programme:
ILO (International Labour Organization) is the United Nations agency for the world of work. It sets international labour standards, promotes rights at work, and encourages decent employment opportunities, the enhancement of social protection and the strengthening of dialogue on work-related issues. The ILO has a unique structure, bringing together governments, employers’ and workers’ representatives. The first cooperation programme between the ILO and Montenegro was signed on 8 April 2015 for the period of 2015-2017.The Decent Work Country Programme of Montenegro seeks to promote social dialogue, create more and better jobs and an enabling environment for sustainable enterprises and formalize the informal economy.
UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) is engaged, under the UNDAF, in three specific areas: development of business clusters at the North, clean production and Montreal Protocol. The activities in Montenegro are coordinated by the UNIDO Regional Programme for Europe and NIS based in Vienna, Austria.
UNESCO (UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) contributes to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture. In turn this furthers universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter.
UN WOMEN (United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women) In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. UN Women merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system, one of which is the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). Grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the UN Charter, UN Women, among other issues, works for: the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; empowerment of women; and achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) Making sure people everywhere have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives – universal food security – lies at the heart of FAO’s efforts. In Montenegro, the Organization provides policy advice and supports income-generating activities. Projects at national and regional level pave the way to competitive, sustainable, resilient agriculture and food systems, compatible with both European Union and international standards. Training for potential beneficiaries of EU pre-accession funds is the focus of a regional FAO Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) project in Drina-Tara and Drina-Sava areas. Montenegro also benefits from an FAO-EBRD project on improved food safety and quality standards in the meat sector, supporting inclusive agri-food chains. Montenegro’s fishery and aquaculture sector also takes advantage of FAO’s technical assistance.
UNEP (UN Environment Programme) is providing leadership and encouraging partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) The IAEA’s technical cooperation (TC) programme is the main mechanism through which the IAEA delivers services to its Member States. Through the TC programme, the IAEA helps to build, strengthen and maintain capacities in the safe, peaceful and secure use of nuclear technology in support of sustainable socioeconomic development. The IAEA provides TC assistance to Montenegro to use nuclear techniques, where they offer an advantage over conventional methods, to address important development challenges. The main priority areas identified by Montenegro for collaboration with the IAEA include activities in nuclear sciences and applications, sustainable development and the environment, health, radiation and nuclear safety and security, and overall human resource development. Recent projects have focused on QA/QC in diagnostic radiology and digital screening for breast cancer monitoring, upgrading the national system for radon protection, and developing a functional and effective regulatory infrastructure for radiation safety in the country. Proposed future projects will support the assessment and reduction of radon in schools and kindergartens, improving diagnosis of animal diseases and food pathogens, and further upgrading national capacity in nuclear and radiation safety.
UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) provides technical cooperation assistance in Montenegro and focuses on supporting energy efficient market formation, as well as raising residential energy efficiency under the Government's programme of formalizing informal settlements. It also contributes to increasing wood energy production as an environmentally friendly source of energy. UNECE assists in the strengthening of Montenegro’s capacity for environmental monitoring and reporting. Furthermore, it contributes to the development of sustainable water resource management of the Drin Basin. Finally, UNECE works in the areas of road safety, public-private partnerships and trade facilitation, to facilitate Montenegro’s successful integration in the EU region and the Southeast European sub-region.
UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) is a global leader mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. UNODC mobilizes and promotes regional and transnational cooperation to confront these challenges. Specific efforts are made to target the convergence of drugs, crime, corruption and terrorism which may threaten regional and global security. UNODC works directly with Governments, international organizations, other United Nations entities and civil society to develop and implement programmes that meet national and regional needs. The three pillars of the UNODC work programme are: * Field-based technical cooperation assistance; * Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand the evidence base for policy and operational decisions; and * Normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of the relevant international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to the treaty-based and governing bodies.
*WB (World Bank) is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. WB is not an integral part of the Integrated UN Programme. However, on-going collaboration exists in areas of capacity development, education, economic governance and environment. It is not a bank in the common sense. It is made up of two unique development institutions owned by 185 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA).